The history of the emergence of a bath goes far into antiquity. About 5.5 thousand. years ago, the priests of Egypt more than four times a day performed water washing. The baths were everywhere, and everyone could use them. Archaeologists managed to find the remains of the bathhouse of the Egyptian people. The structure was a building of two floors. The second floor was occupied by beds (huge stones) with holes through which steam entered. Those who wanted to take a steamer were placed on warmed stones, and the ministers of the bath rubbed their bodies with various oils and offered massage. Immediately on the floor there was a pool with water contrasting temperature. Heating of the beds was carried out on the ground floor. Bee wax replaced the Egyptians soap.
Visiting the bathhouse helped to correct not only physical health, but also to establish a mental state. Our ancestors also knew that the bathhouse is an excellent means of riding the body from all toxins and waste. Baths in ancient Greece were a rounded room, in the center of which there was a focus of stones. Over time, they improved. The construction and cladding of them was carried out already from expensive and precious materials. Only rich and noble people could visit such baths now. The Romans Bath had not only a place of water allowance, it was a place of meeting and feasts of the nobility, there were massage rooms and places for sports.
The terms of the Roman rulers were distinguished by wealth and splendor, the pools were decorated with precious stones and marble, the sleeves sparkled with silver and gold. Each nation has its own customs in the use of a bath and its construction. Russian baths are divided into two types, depending on how they are. Fans of the steam room know that there is nothing better than a wooden bathhouse. In baths heated “in black”, an open focus is built, which warms up all the walls. Unchanged attribute of any bathhouse is a boiler with hot water.
Firewood of deciduous rocks are used for the furnace of the bathhouse. Due to the content of tar in birch wood, the air is almost sterile. Preparation of such a bath is troublesome, but despite this, and today knowledgeable people highly value this bathhouse. Bank, «in white», easier to use and construction. Such a bath necessarily has a potassium stove with stones to obtain steam and tank for heating water. Depending on the materials used, there are a metal, stone or brick potassium. A modern bathhouse is a whole complex of buildings. This includes steam room, sauna, cold bath and solarium. A lot of ready -made options of baths can be considered on the site /.
What is a sauna and why it is needed?
Sauna is not only the Finnish name for the Russian bath, but the national symbol of the country, an integral part of the Finns culture. Every second apartment or house necessarily has a sauna. The very first saunas, like Russian baths, drowned «in black». Modern saunas, especially in the village or in private houses, are separate buildings, divided into three parts, and preferably by the water. So what is the difference between a Russian bath and a sauna. The bath chronicle has two ways to moisturize the air.
In Russian baths, water evaporates in the space of the furnace, in Finnish — water is poured on hot stones. That is, the difference in the method and quality of steam preparation. Whatever the bath you prefer, remember that the bathhouse is a shake for both each organ and the body as a whole. A sharp change in temperature stimulates metabolic processes in the body, the bathhouse is a medicine. And the intake of this medicine must be dosed. There are also contraindications. Any pair should bring only health and positive emotions.